How ChatGPT Will Affect Employment5 min read

Ali Neill / April 12, 2023
Category : Recruitment news and technology
Caption: How ChatGPT Will Affect Employment5 min read

All over the world, people are talking about one new and scary technology: ChatGPT. Many people have tested the AI for a variety of reasons. These may include: writing a paper for school, preparing a lesson plan, creating complex code and even writing wedding vows! So while all of this sounds pretty harmless, there is a real fear about the future of some jobs. Could ChatGPT affect employment? We’re here to find out.

What is it and how does it work?

ChatGPT technology isn’t quite as new as you might think. This AI tool has actually been used in some ways since 2020 for certain apps. Before ChatGPT, some other headlines might have caught your attention concerning AI and art or AI and music. However, people in these artistic fields already struggle to find employment and for many, art and music are about passion first, livelihood second.
With ChatGPT, we delve into a completely different realm of communication and exchange. GPT stands for Generative Pre-trained Transformer, and that means the tool has learnt and continues to learn thanks to its use and users. It can answer questions (and ask them), write, explain and create text or code.
The biggest change when it comes to this technology compared to what we’ve seen in the past is its accessibility. Right now, you might notice that the site is down because it has been flooded with visitors. However, you can still sign up for a waiting list to be among the first to hear about its availability. There’s also a premium version with slightly more advanced capabilities.
Another huge advantage we’re seeing here is that ChatGPT can remember your previous conversations. It feels like a real interaction with a machine which continues to learn thanks to your prompts. All of this sounds amazing, right? But there’s a dark side to these advances.

Which jobs are at risk because of ChatGPT?

Since ChatGPT really focuses on writing and creating code, there are many employment sectors feeling the heat. The first jobs which come to mind include:
  • Computer programmers
  • Software engineers
  • Coders
  • Content creators
  • Journalists

In fact, this article has actually been written by ChatGPT… Just kidding, we’re still using real people at Jobboard Finder.

Beyond the tech industry and the written content for marketing and information purposes, a much broader range of people might in fact be impacted by this tool. Indeed, any legal assistant type profession could be replaced by a machine which can create legal documents faster and more efficiently. Research and data analysts could also see their work become redundant if the machine collecting the data can also explain it and interpret it. Over 100 000 people in America alone work in research. Another 330 000 people work in legal assistance. If we include all jobs related to development and software, we’re looking at a job loss in the millions. It’s no wonder then that some places are taking drastic measures to protect their workers. In Italy, for instance, the government has actually blocked the use of ChatGPT.

Should recruiters be worried?

In the past, we’ve talked about the use of AI in recruitment and how recruiters can use it to their advantage. Beyond screening candidates and analysing facial expressions, AI has remained relatively secondary in recruitment. Now, with ChatGPT, we might see companies describing their ideal candidate to the tool in order to get the perfect job post. Next, companies could include ChatGPT in the interviews so that it can assess the different skills of each candidate and propose a selection based on different criteria (most likely to stay in the company long term, most likely to have the right cultural fit, etc.). Potentially, recruiters might find themselves on the sidelines without anything extra to add to the conversation.

This is the prediction for so many professions which has sparked fear around the world. However, in 2023, we’re a long way from this scenario becoming a reality. Before ChatGPT takes over the world rendering mankind obselete like in Terminator 2, we’ll have time to rethink the human contribution to employment. Recruiters can have intuition about certain candidates that go beyond a list of previous jobs and degrees. A legal assistant might connect a case with something similar which is not documented. A content creator could convey a unique style of writing or connect very different ideas together for a new marketing strategy. Yes, ChatGPT has extended knowledge on a wide range of topics but that doesn’t mean it will know how to connect different fields creatively.

Furthermore, if everyone is using the same tool, the finished products from similar companies will all look the same. Think of the students in a university in Lyon, France, who asked ChatGPT to write their essays and all ended up with very similar structures. Or you can compare ChatGPT to the virtual assistant, Samantha, in the 2013 movie “Her”. We see one user slowly connect and fall in love with Samantha. Then, we discover that this artificial voice has been chatting with hundreds and thousands of users. Suddenly, the authenticity of the advice and exchange feels lost.

How can we prepare for more AI in the workplace?

Regardless of your employment, AI and other technology will play a more important role in your tasks in the future. With the pandemic, we introduced more video calls and remote work. Most people would agree that this has helped businesses become more efficient. It has also enabled many workers to chose the most comfortable location for their professional activities.

Better software and more connected services have improved our lives so much that we’ve forgotten our previous struggles. Here, ChatGPT will probably have the same effect. So, let’s get on-board and stop fighting change. Whatever employment we lose, we’ll be able to create new jobs to further our progress.

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Author: Ali Neill

As the job board tester and blog editor for the Jobboard Finder, Ali works on job boards from all around the world and keeps a close eye on the recruitment trends thanks to a number of sources, including the website’s social media pages.

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